Complete Dietary Guidelines For Adults On Hemodialysis


There are some dietary restrictions for those who have kidney disease and it mainly depends on the stage of kidney disease. And the most important thing is that the early stages of chronic kidney disease will have different dietary restrictions than those with end-stage renal disease, or kidney failure.

Dietary Guidelines For Adults On Hemodialysis

At these stages, the kidney disease individuals will need to follow a kidney-friendly diet to avoid build-up of certain chemicals or nutrients in the blood. So at this moment what you eat and drink makes a difference in how you feel and can make your treatment work better. So if you like to know more about the dieting plans for hemodialysis in this article “Complete dietary guidelines for adults on Hemodialysis” you will get the best dietary plans and the foods that you should likely avoid on a renal diet. Read on.

Is it Important to keep Track of how much Liquid should eat or Drink?

Yes, it’s important to keep a track on how much liquid should eat and drink. Because if you come to your hemodialysis with too much fluid in your body, your treatment may make you feel ill. And also you may get muscle cramps or have a sudden drop in blood pressure that causes you to feel dizzy or sick to your stomach. Your health provider can help you to figure out how much liquid is right for you. Avoid salty food as much as possible because salt makes you thirsty and you drink more liquid. You may feel better if you keep the track on liquid, and at the same time the excess fluid can build up in your body and may cause, they are:

  • Swelling and weight gain between dialysis session.
  • Changes in your blood pressure.
  • Your heart to work harder, which can lead to serious heart problems.
  • A buildup of fluid in your lungs, making it hard for you to breathe.

Dietary Guidelines

Here is some simple dietary brochure which will help you to start on hemodialysis. You can also use this brochure as a guide until your dietitian prepares a personalized meal plan for you.

dietry guidelines

The important things you need is:

  • Eat more high protein foods.
  • Eat less high salt, high potassium, and high phosphorus foods.
  • Learn how much fluid you can safely drink (including coffee, tea, and water).

Salt and Sodium

Salt and Sodium

  • As I mentioned in the above article use less salt and eat fewer salty foods, because this may help to control blood pressure and reduce weight gains between dialysis sessions.
  • Avoid salt substitutes made with potassium.
  • Use herbs, spices, and low-salt flavor enhancers in place of salt.

Meat and Protein

Meat and Protein

Dialysis people need to eat more protein foods because protein can help maintain blood protein levels and improve health. Eat a high protein food (meat, fish, poultry, fresh pork, or eggs) at every meal or 8-10 ounces of a protein food every day.

Grains, Cereals, and Bread

Grains, Cereals, and Bread

You may need to take your calorie intake for weight loss, manage carbohydrates intake, and blood sugar. So this grains, cereals, and bread are a good source for calories.

Milk, Yogurt and Cheese

Milk, Yogurt and Cheese

Dairy foods are high in phosphorous. So try to limit your dairy foods of milk, yogurt, and cheese. Always have  ½-cup milk or ½-cup yogurt or 1-ounce cheese per day.




Limiting potassium protects your heart. All fruits have some potassium, but certain fruits have more than others and should be limited or totally avoided.



All vegetables have some potassium, but certain vegetables have more than others and should be limited or totally avoided. Limiting potassium intake protects your heart.

Also, read 10 best nootropics brain supplements

Foods you need to Avoid on Hemodialysis

Avoiding or limiting certain foods in your diet may help decrease the accumulation of waste products in the blood, improve kidney function and prevent further damage. Here are those foods that you should likely avoid on a renal diet.

Foods you need to Avoid on Hemodialysis

  • Dark colored colas
  • Avocados
  • Canned foods.
  • Whole-wheat bread.
  • Brown rice.
  • Bananas.
  • Dairy.
  • Orange and orange juices.
  • Tomatoes.
  • Potatoes and sweet potatoes.
  • Apricots.
  • Pickles and Olives.

If you have kidney disease, reducing your potassium, phosphorus and sodium intake can be an important aspect of managing the disease. So hope you liked this article “Complete dietary guidelines for adults on Hemodialysis” and find useful. If you had loved this article we had love to hear about your results. Are there any questions or if you have any other suggestion and inquiries you can get in touch with me through the comments section.


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